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Corrosion Index


Corrosion properties of Glass and Carbon Grpahite.

The table below indicates the approximate corrosion resistance of glass and carbon to a range of common chemicals.    This is collated information from various sources but is of limited quality. For good quality information please consult reputable reference texts and/or the links provided below the table.

The absence of a corrosion category for a fluid indicates that I have not found any information, not that the fluid is nor resistant . Taking glass as and example .    Glass is resistant to virtually all chemicals - I have not identified appropriate corrosions categories simple because I have not been able to obtain confirmatory references.

Important note ...Glass is not resistannt to hydrofluric acid and must not be brought into contact with this fluid .


Key to Letters designating corrosion resistance
  • A...Excellent Minimum attack
  • B...Acceptable minor corrosion
  • C...Medium corrosion attack - Should not use
  • D...Severe attack -
  • "-" No information

Important note: The table relates to fluids at ambient temperatures (approx 21 oC )unless stated otherwise

Fluid Glass Carbon Graphite
Acetaldehyde - A
 Acetamide - A
 Acetate Solvent - A
 Acetic Acid A A
 Acetic Acid 20% A A
 Acetic Acid 80% A A
 Acetic Acid, Glacial A A
 Acetic Anhydride - A
 Acetone - A
 Acetyl Bromide - -
 Acetyl Chloride (dry) - -
 Acetylene - A
 Acrylonitrile - B
 Adipic Acid - A
 Alcohols:Amyl - A
 Alcohols:Benzyl - -
 Alcohols:Butyl - A
 Alcohols:Diacetone - A
 Alcohols:Ethyl - A
 Alcohols:Hexyl - -
 Alcohols:Isobutyl - A
 Alcohols:Isopropyl - A
 Alcohols:Methyl - A
 Alcohols:Octyl - -
Fluid Glass Carbon Graphite
 Alcohols:Propyl - A
 Aluminum Chloride - A
 Aluminum Chloride 20% - A
 Aluminum Fluoride - A
 Aluminum Hydroxide - A
 Aluminum Nitrate - A
 Aluminum Potassium Sulfate 10% - A
 Aluminum Potassium Sulfate 100% - A
 Aluminum Sulfate - A
 Alums - -
 Amines - A
 Ammonia 10% - A
 Ammonia Nitrate - -
 Ammonia, anhydrous - A
 Ammonia, liquid - A
 Ammonium Acetate - -
 Ammonium Bifluoride - A
 Ammonium Carbonate - A
 Ammonium Caseinate - -
 Ammonium Chloride - A
 Ammonium Hydroxide - A
 Ammonium Nitrate - A
 Ammonium Oxalate - -
Fluid Glass Carbon Graphite
 Ammonium Persulfate - A
 Ammonium Phosphate, Dibasic - A
 Ammonium Phosphate, Monobasic - -
 Ammonium Phosphate, Tribasic - -
 Ammonium Sulfate - A
 Ammonium Sulfite - D
 Ammonium Thiosulfate - -
 Amyl Acetate - A
 Amyl Alcohol - A
 Amyl Chloride - A
 Aniline - A
 Aniline Hydrochloride - D
 Antifreeze A -
 Antimony Trichloride - -
 Aqua Regia (80% HCl, 20% HNO3) - D
 Arochlor 1248 - -
 Aromatic Hydrocarbons - -
 Arsenic Acid - A
 Arsenic Salts - -
 Asphalt A A
 Barium Carbonate - A
 Barium Chloride - A
 Barium Cyanide - -
Fluid Glass Carbon Graphite
 Barium Hydroxide - A
 Barium Nitrate - A
 Barium Sulfate - A
 Barium Sulfide - A
 Beer A A
 Beet Sugar Liquids A A
 Benzaldehyde - A
 Benzene A A
 Benzene Sulfonic Acid - A
 Benzoic Acid - A
 Benzol - A
 Benzonitrile - A
 Benzyl Chloride - A
 Bleaching Liquors - -
 Borax (Sodium Borate) - A
 Boric Acid A A
 Brewery Slop A -
 Bromine - D
 Butadiene - A
 Butane - A
 Butanol (Butyl Alcohol) - A
 Butter A -
 Buttermilk A A
Fluid Glass Carbon Graphite
 Butyl Amine - A
 Butyl Ether - A
 Butyl Phthalate - A
 Butyl Acetate - A
 Butylene - A
 Butyric Acid - A
 Calcium Bisulfate - -
 Calcium Bisulfide - -
 Calcium Bisulfite - A
 Calcium Carbonate - A
 Calcium Chlorate - -
 Calcium Chloride A A
 Calcium Hydroxide - A
 Calcium Hypochlorite A A
 Calcium Nitrate - A
 Calcium Oxide - -
 Calcium Sulfate - A
 Calgon - -
 Cane Juice - -
 Carbolic Acid (Phenol) - A
 Carbon Bisulfide - -
 Carbon Dioxide (dry) - A
 Carbon Dioxide (wet) - A
Fluid Glass Carbon Graphite
 Carbon Disulfide - A
 Carbon Monoxide - A
 Carbon Tetrachloride - A
 Carbon Tetrachloride (dry) - A
 Carbon Tetrachloride (wet) - A
 Carbonated Water A -
 Carbonic Acid - A
 Catsup - -
 Chloric Acid - D
 Chlorinated Glue - -
 Chlorine (dry) - A
 Chlorine Water - A
 Chlorine, Anhydrous Liquid - A
 Chloroacetic Acid - A
 Chlorobenzene (Mono) - A
 Chlorobromomethane - -
 Chloroform - A
 Chlorosulfonic Acid - A
 Chocolate Syrup A -
 Chromic Acid 10% A A
 Chromic Acid 30% A A
 Chromic Acid 5% A A
 Chromic Acid 50% - A
Fluid Glass Carbon Graphite
 Chromium Salts - -
 Cider A -
 Citric Acid A A
 Citric Oils A -
 Cloroxr (Bleach) - -
 Coffee A -
 Copper Chloride - -
 Copper Cyanide - A
 Copper Fluoborate - -
 Copper Nitrate - A
 Copper Sulfate >5% - A
 Copper Sulfate 5% - A
 Cream A -
 Cresols - A
 Cresylic Acid - A
 Cupric Acid - A
 Cyanic Acid - A
 Cyclohexane - A
 Cyclohexanone - A
 Detergents A A
 Diacetone Alcohol - A
 Dichlorobenzene - A
 Dichloroethane - A
 Diesel Fuel A A
Fluid Glass Carbon Graphite
 Diethyl Ether - A
 Diethylamine - A
 Diethylene Glycol - A
 Dimethyl Aniline - A
 Dimethyl Formamide - -
 Diphenyl - -
 Diphenyl Oxide - -
 Dyes A -
 Epsom Salts (Magnesium Sulfate) A A
 Ethane - A
 Ethanol - A
 Ethanolamine - A
 Ether - A
 Ethyl Acetate - A
 Ethyl Benzoate - -
 Ethyl Chloride - A
 Ethyl Ether - A
 Ethyl Sulfate - A
 Ethylene Bromide - A
 Ethylene Chloride - A
 Ethylene Chlorohydrin - A
 Ethylene Diamine - -
 Ethylene Dichloride - A
Fluid Glass Carbon Graphite
 Ethylene Glycol - A
 Ethylene Oxide - A
 Fatty Acids - A
 Ferric Chloride - A
 Ferric Nitrate - A
 Ferric Sulfate - A
 Ferrous Chloride - A
 Ferrous Sulfate - A
 Fluoboric Acid - A
 Fluorine - C
 Fluosilicic Acid - A
 Formaldehyde 100% - -
 Formaldehyde 40% - A
 Formic Acid A A
 Freon 113 - -
 Freon 12 - -
 Freon 22 - -
 Freon TF - -
 Freonr 11 - -
 Fruit Juice A -
 Fuel Oils A A
 Furan Resin A -
 Furfural - A
Fluid Glass Carbon Graphite
 Gallic Acid - B
 Gasoline (high-aromatic) A A
 Gasoline, leaded, ref. A A
 Gasoline, unleaded A A
 Gelatin A A
 Glucose A A
 Glue, P.V.A. A A
 Glycerin A A
 Glycolic Acid - A
 Gold Monocyanide - -
 Grape Juice A -
 Grease A -
 Heptane A A
 Hexane A A
 Honey A -
 Hydraulic Oil (Petro) A B
 Hydraulic Oil (Synthetic) A B
 Hydrazine A -
 Hydrobromic Acid 100% - A
 Hydrobromic Acid 20% - A
 Hydrochloric Acid 100% - A
 Hydrochloric Acid 20% A A
 Hydrochloric Acid 37% A A
Fluid Glass Carbon Graphite
 Hydrochloric Acid, Dry Gas   A
 Hydrocyanic Acid - A
 Hydrocyanic Acid (Gas 10%) - -
 Hydrofluoric Acid 100% D -
 Hydrofluoric Acid 20% D A
 Hydrofluoric Acid 50% D A
 Hydrofluoric Acid 75% D A
 Hydrofluosilicic Acid 100% - A
 Hydrofluosilicic Acid 20% - A
 Hydrogen Gas - A
 Hydrogen Peroxide 10% A C
 Hydrogen Peroxide 100% - C
 Hydrogen Peroxide 30% - C
 Hydrogen Peroxide 50% - C
 Hydrogen Sulfide (aqua) - A
 Hydrogen Sulfide (dry) - A
 Hydroquinone - A
 Hydroxyacetic Acid 70% - -
 Ink A -
 Iodine A D
 Iodine (in alcohol) A -
 Iodoform A -
 Isooctane - A
Fluid Glass Carbon Graphite
 Isopropyl Acetate - A
 Isopropyl Ether - A
 Isotane - -
 Jet Fuel (JP3, JP4, JP5) A A
 Kerosene A A
 Ketones - A
 Lacquer Thinners A A
 Lacquers A A
 Lactic Acid A A
 Lard A A
 Latex A -
 Lead Acetate - A
 Lead Nitrate - A
 Lead Sulfamate - -
 Ligroin - -
 Lime A A
 Linoleic Acid - A
 Lithium Chloride - A
 Lithium Hydroxide - B
 Lubricants - A
 Lye: Ca(OH)2 Calcium Hydroxide A A
 Lye: KOH Potassium Hydroxide A C
 Lye: NaOH Sodium Hydroxide - -
 Magnesium Bisulfate - A
Fluid Glass Carbon Graphite
 Magnesium Carbonate - -
 Magnesium Chloride A A
 Magnesium Hydroxide - A
 Magnesium Nitrate - -
 Magnesium Oxide - -
 Magnesium Sulfate (Epsom Salts) - A
 Maleic Acid - A
 Maleic Anhydride - -
 Malic Acid - B
 Manganese Sulfate - A
 Mash A -
 Mayonnaise A -
 Melamine A D
 Mercuric Chloride (dilute) - C
 Mercuric Cyanide - -
 Mercurous Nitrate - C
 Mercury - C
 Methane - B
 Methanol (Methyl Alcohol) - A
 Methyl Acetate - A
 Methyl Acetone - A
 Methyl Acrylate - -
 Methyl Alcohol 10% - A
Fluid Glass Carbon Graphite
 Methyl Bromide - A
 Methyl Butyl Ketone - -
 Methyl Cellosolve - A
 Methyl Chloride - A
 Methyl Dichloride - -
 Methyl Ethyl Ketone - A
 Methyl Ethyl Ketone Peroxide - -
 Methyl Isobutyl Ketone - A
 Methyl Isopropyl Ketone - A
 Methyl Methacrylate - -
 Methylamine - A
 Methylene Chloride - A
 Milk A A
 Mineral Spirits A A
 Molasses A A
 Monochloroacetic acid - B
 Monoethanolamine - A
 Morpholine - A
 Motor oil A A
 Mustard A A
 Naphtha A A
 Naphthalene A A
 Natural Gas A -
Fluid Glass Carbon Graphite
 Nickel Chloride A A
 Nickel Nitrate - -
 Nickel Sulfate - A
 Nitrating Acid (<15% HNO3) - -
 Nitrating Acid (>15% H2SO4) - -
 Nitrating Acid (S1% Acid) - -
 Nitrating Acid (S15% H2SO4) - -
 Nitric Acid (20%) A A
 Nitric Acid (50%) A D
 Nitric Acid (5-10%) A A
 Nitric Acid (Concentrated) A D
 Nitrobenzene - B
 Nitrogen Fertilizer A -
 Nitromethane - A
 Nitrous Acid - -
 Nitrous Oxide - C
 Oils:Aniline A -
 Oils:Anise A -
 Oils:Bay A -
 Oils:Bone A -
 Oils:Castor A -
 Oils:Cinnamon A -
 Oils:Citric A -
Fluid Glass Carbon Graphite
 Oils:Clove A -
 Oils:Coconut A -
 Oils:Cod Liver A -
 Oils:Corn A -
 Oils:Cottonseed A A
 Oils:Creosote A A
 Oils:Diesel Fuel (20, 30, 40, 50) A A
 Oils:Fuel (1, 2, 3, 5A, 5B, 6) A A
 Oils:Ginger A -
 Oils:Hydraulic Oil (Petro) A B
 Oils:Hydraulic Oil (Synthetic) A B
 Oils:Lemon A -
 Oils:Linseed A A
 Oils:Mineral A A
 Oils:Olive A A
 Oils:Orange A -
 Oils:Palm A -
 Oils:Peanut A -
 Oils:Peppermint A -
 Oils:Pine A -
 Oils:Rapeseed A -
 Oils:Rosin A A
 Oils:Sesame Seed A -
Fluid Glass Carbon Graphite
 Oils:Silicone A A
 Oils:Soybean A A
 Oils:Sperm (whale) A -
 Oils:Tanning A -
 Oils:Transformer A A
 Oils:Turbine A -
 Oleic Acid - A
 Oleum 100% - D
 Oleum 25% - D
 Oxalic Acid (cold) B A
 Ozone - -
 Palmitic Acid - A
 Paraffin A A
 Pentane A A
 Perchloric Acid - A
 Perchloroethylene - A
 Petrolatum - A
 Petroleum A A
 Phenol (10%) - A
 Phenol (Carbolic Acid) - A
 Phosphoric Acid (>40%) - B
 Phosphoric Acid (crude) A A
 Phosphoric Acid (molten) A -
Fluid Glass Carbon Graphite
 Phosphoric Acid (<40%) A A
 Phosphoric Acid Anhydride - -
 Phosphorus - D
 Phosphorus Trichloride - A
 Photographic Developer - A
 Photographic Solutions - A
 Phthalic Acid - A
 Phthalic Anhydride - A
 Picric Acid - A
 Plating Solutions,   Antimony Plating 54°C - -
 Plating Solutions,   Arsenic Plating 43°C - -
 Plating Solutions,   Brass Plating:     High-Speed Brass Bath 43°c - A
 Plating Solutions,   Brass Plating:     Regular Brass Bath 38°c - A
 Plating Solutions,   Bronze Plating:     Cu-Cd Bronze Bath R.T. - -
 Plating Solutions,   Bronze Plating:     Cu-Sn Bronze Bath 71°C - -
 Plating Solutions,   Bronze Plating:     Cu-Zn Bronze Bath 38°C - -
 Plating Solutions,   Cadmium Plating:     Cyanide Bath 32°C - -
 Plating Solutions,   Cadmium Plating:     Fluoborate Bath 38°C - -
 Plating Solutions,   Chromium Plating:     Barrel Chrome Bath 35°C - -
 Plating Solutions,   Chromium Plating:     Black Chrome Bath 46°C - -
 Plating Solutions,   Chromium Plating:     Chromic-Sulfuric Bath 54°C - -
 Plating Solutions,   Chromium Plating:     Fluoride Bath 54°C - -
 Plating Solutions,   Chromium Plating:     Fluosilicate Bath 35°C - -
Fluid Glass Carbon Graphite
 Plating Solutions,   Copper Plating (Acid):     Copper Fluoborate Bath 50°C - -
 Plating Solutions,   Copper Plating (Acid):     Copper Sulfate Bath R.T. - -
 Plating Solutions,   Copper Plating (Cyanide):     Copper Strike Bath 50°C - -
 Plating Solutions,   Copper Plating (Cyanide):     High-Speed Bath 180°F - -
 Plating Solutions,   Copper Plating (Cyanide):     Rochelle Salt Bath 150°F - -
 Plating Solutions,   Copper Plating (Misc):     Copper (Electroless) - -
 Plating Solutions,   Copper Plating (Misc):     Copper Pyrophosphate - -
 Plating Solutions,   Gold Plating:     Acid 24°C - -
 Plating Solutions,   Gold Plating:     Cyanide 50°C - -
 Plating Solutions,   Gold Plating:     Neutral 24°C - -
 Plating Solutions,   Indium Sulfamate Plating R.T. - -
 Plating Solutions,   Iron Plating:     Ferrous Am Sulfate Bath 65°C - -
 Plating Solutions,   Iron Plating:     Ferrous Chloride Bath 90°C - -
 Plating Solutions,   Iron Plating:     Ferrous Sulfate Bath 66°C - -
 Plating Solutions,   Iron Plating:     Fluoborate Bath 65°C - -
 Plating Solutions,   Iron Plating:     Sulfamate 60°C - -
 Plating Solutions,   Iron Plating:     Sulfate-Chloride Bath 70°C - -
 Plating Solutions,   Lead Fluoborate Plating - -
 Plating Solutions,   Nickel Plating:     Electroless 95°C - -
 Plating Solutions,   Nickel Plating:     Fluoborate 40-75°C - -
 Plating Solutions,   Nickel Plating:     High-Chloride 55-70°C - -
 Plating Solutions,   Nickel Plating:     Sulfamate 40-60°C - -
 Plating Solutions,   Nickel Plating:     Watts Type 45-70°C - -
Fluid Glass Carbon Graphite
 Plating Solutions,   Rhodium Plating 50°C - -
 Plating Solutions,   Silver Plating 30-50°C - -
 Plating Solutions,   Tin-Fluoborate Plating 40°C - -
 Plating Solutions,   Tin-Lead Plating 40°C - -
 Plating Solutions,   Zinc Plating:     Acid Chloride 60°C - -
 Plating Solutions,   Zinc Plating:     Acid Fluoborate Bath R.T. - -
 Plating Solutions,   Zinc Plating:     Acid Sulfate Bath 65°C - -
 Plating Solutions,   Zinc Plating:     Alkaline Cyanide Bath R.T. - -
 Potash (Potassium Carbonate) - A
 Potassium Bicarbonate - A
 Potassium Bromide - A
 Potassium Chlorate - A
 Potassium Chloride - A
 Potassium Chromate - A
 Potassium Cyanide Solutions - A
 Potassium Dichromate - A
 Potassium Ferricyanide - A
 Potassium Ferrocyanide - A
 Potassium Hydroxide (Caustic Potash) - C
 Potassium Hypochlorite - -
 Potassium Iodide - A
 Potassium Nitrate - A
 Potassium Oxalate - A
Fluid Glass Carbon Graphite
 Potassium Permanganate - B
 Potassium Sulfate A A
 Potassium Sulfide - A
 Propane (liquefied) A A
 Propylene - A
 Propylene Glycol - -
 Pyridine - A
 Pyrogallic Acid - A
 Resorcinal - A
 Rosins - A
 Rum A -
 Rust Inhibitors A -
 Salad Dressings A -
 Salicylic Acid - A
 Salt Brine (NaCl saturated) A A
 Sea Water A A
 Shellac (Bleached) A A
 Shellac (Orange) A A
 Silicone A A
 Silver Bromide A -
 Silver Nitrate A A
 Soap Solutions A A
 Soda Ash (see Sodium Carbonate) A -
Fluid Glass Carbon Graphite
 Sodium Acetate A A
 Sodium Aluminate - A
 Sodium Benzoate - A
 Sodium Bicarbonate - A
 Sodium Bisulfate - A
 Sodium Bisulfite - A
 Sodium Borate (Borax) A A
 Sodium Bromide - A
 Sodium Carbonate B A
 Sodium Chlorate - C
 Sodium Chloride A A
 Sodium Chromate - A
 Sodium Cyanide - A
 Sodium Ferrocyanide - A
 Sodium Fluoride - A
 Sodium Hydrosulfite - -
 Sodium Hydroxide (20%) A A
 Sodium Hydroxide (50%) A -
 Sodium Hydroxide (80%) - A
 Sodium Hypochlorite (<20%) - B
 Sodium Hypochlorite (100%) - C
 Sodium Hyposulfate - -
 Sodium Metaphosphate - A
Fluid Glass Carbon Graphite
 Sodium Metasilicate - -
 Sodium Nitrate A C
 Sodium Perborate - C
 Sodium Peroxide - A
 Sodium Polyphosphate - A
 Sodium Silicate - A
 Sodium Sulfate - A
 Sodium Sulfide - A
 Sodium Sulfite - A
 Sodium Tetraborate - A
 Sodium Thiosulfate (hypo) - A
 Sorghum - -
 Soy Sauce A -
 Stannic Chloride - A
 Stannic Fluoborate - -
 Stannous Chloride - -
 Starch A A
 Stearic Acid - A
 Stoddard Solvent - A
 Styrene - A
 Sugar (Liquids) A A
 Sulfate (Liquors) - A
 Sulfur Chloride - D
Fluid Glass Carbon Graphite
 Sulfur Dioxide - A
 Sulfur Dioxide (dry) - A
 Sulfur Hexafluoride - -
 Sulfur Trioxide - B
 Sulfur Trioxide (dry) - D
 Sulfuric Acid (<10%) A A
 Sulfuric Acid (10-75%) A A
 Sulfuric Acid (75-100%) - C
 Sulfuric Acid (cold concentrated) - D
 Sulfuric Acid (hot concentrated) A D
 Sulfurous Acid - A
 Sulfuryl Chloride - -
 Tallow A A
 Tannic Acid - A
 Tanning Liquors A A
 Tartaric Acid - A
 Tetrachloroethane - A
 Tetrachloroethylene - A
 Tetrahydrofuran - A
 Tin Salts - -
 Toluene (Toluol) - A
 Tomato Juice A A
 Trichloroacetic Acid - A
Fluid Glass Carbon Graphite
 Trichloroethane - A
 Trichloroethylene - A
 Trichloropropane - -
 Tricresylphosphate - A
 Triethylamine - A
 Trisodium Phosphate - A
 Turpentine A A
 Urea A A
 Uric Acid A A
 Urine A A
 Varnish A A
 Vegetable Juice A -
 Vinegar A A
 Vinyl Acetate - A
 Vinyl Chloride - A
 Water, Acid, Mine A A
 Water, Deionized A A
 Water, Distilled A A
 Water, Fresh A A
 Water, Salt A A
 Weed Killers A -
 Whey A -
 Whiskey & Wines A A
 White Liquor (Pulp Mill) A A
 White Water (Paper Mill) A -
 Xylene - A
 Zinc Chloride - A
 Zinc Hydrosulfite - -
 Zinc Sulfate - A
Fluid Glass Carbon Graphite


Links to Corrosion Resistance Tables
  1. Corrosion Doctors...An excellent reference site for the very important topic of corrosion
  2. Omega...Chemical Chart-Some Plastics
  3. dultmeier...Relatively extensive Chemical Chart
  4. Chemical Compatibility...Cole Porter ..American site with very clear information on chemical compatibility

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Last Updated 17/01/2013