- Dimensions/Surface Finish
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ROYMECHX clone of ROYMECH

Dimensioning and Surface Finish

Dimensioning

Linear Dimensioning

Note: A dimension which is not to scale is shown underlined

Angular Dimensioning

Chain-Parallel dimensioning

Examples of chain and parallel dimensioning are shwon above.   The advantage of parallel dimensioning is that there is no build-up of tolerances.

Dimensioning a brokent feature.

Dimensioning Diameters

Dimensions of diameters are shown on view providing greatest clarity

Dimensioning Holes

Dimensioning Chamfers/Countersinks

 The complete designation of a screw thread gives the thread symbol e.g. M for Metric the thread size e.g. 6 the thread pitch e.g. x 1 the tolerance class e.g. 6H(Female) 6g (male) the length of thread if not dimensioned separately eg. x 30 LNG

Notes:
If the thread is standard course then the pitch need not be shown. However it is better that it is always shown
If the tolerance grade for the pitch diameter and the major diameter is the same then only one needs to be shown.
Threads right handed (clockwise turn to screw in) unless a -LH suffix is added to indicate left hand thread.

The Class of Fit is a measure of the degree of fit between mating internal and external threads.

Classes of Fit

 Three main Classes of Fit are defined for metric screw threads : FINE: This has a tolerance class of 5H for internal threads and 4h for external threads. MEDIUM: This has a tolerance class of 6H for internal threads and 6g for external threads. COARSE: This has a tolerance class of 7H for internal threads and 8g for external threads.

If one class is shown for a male thread i.e 6g then the tolerance applies to the pitch dia and the major diameter.  A dual tolerance is shown (5h6g) when a different tolerance is applied to the Pitch dia (5h) and the major dia (6h).   The same principle applies to the female thread e.g. a tolerance grade (6H ) applies to both pitch dia and the minor dia.   A tolerance grade (6H7H) refers to 6H for the pitch dia and 7H for the minor dia.

The typical designation for a thread on a drawing is as follows

 M8 - 6e..This is a M8 course male thread with a 6e external(male) tolerance  (before coating) M8 x 1 - 6e.. This is a M8 course male fine thread with a 6e external(male) tolerance  (before coating) M8 - 6H... This is a M8 course female thread with a 6H internal(female) tolerance  (not coated) M8 - 6H - LH This is a Left hand M8 course female thread with a 6H internal(female) tolerance  (not coated)