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Properties of Metals

Important Note:

I have included the steel in this table of elements. The properties of all the elements, but especially steel, should be used only a rough estimates.  Alloying and heat treatment can significantly affect the values.    The properties are assumed at 20 deg.C unless stated otherwise.

Metal Specific Gravity Young's Modulus (E) Shear Modulus (G) Bulk Modulus Poisson's Ratio Thermal Conductivity
0 deg.C
Linear Expansion Coefficient Melting Point Proof/Yield Stress Ultimate. Stress Electrical Resistivity
20 deg.C
  GPa GPa GPa   W / ( m K ) x10-6/ deg C Deg K x 107Pa x 107Pa x10-8 ohm.m
Aluminium 2,7 68,95 26 75. 0,33 237 25 933 3-14 6-14 2,655
Antimony 6,69 77,91     18,5 9 903     41,8
Beryllium 1,85 289,6?     0,027 218. 12 1558     4,0
Bismuth 9,75 31,72     0,33 8,4 13 544     115
Cadmium 8,65 55,16       92 30 594     7,4
Chromium 7,2 248,2       91 6 2133     13
Cobalt 8,9 206,8       69 12 1768     9
Copper 8,96 117,2 46 130 0,36 398. 16,6 1357 4,7-32 20-35 1,673
Gold 19,32 74,46 28. 167 0,42 315 14,2 1336 0-21 11-23 2,35
Iridium 22,42 517,1       147 6 2723     5,3
Iron 7,87 196,5 76   0,3 80,3 12 1809 16 35 9,7
Lead 11,35 13,79 6   0,43 35,2 29 600,7   1,5-1,8 20,6
Magnesium 1,74 44,13     0,35 156 25 923     4,45
Manganese 7,34 158,6         22 1517     185
Mercury 13,546         8,39   234,29     98,4
Molybdenum 10,22 275,8     0,32 138 5 2893     5,2
Nickel 8,9 213,7 79. 176 0,31 90,5 13 1726 14-66 48-73 6,85
Niobium 8,57 103,4       53 7 2740     13
Osmium 22,57 551,6       61 5 3298     9
Platinum 21,45 146,9 61. 240 0,39 73 9 2043 1,5-18 12,5 -20 10,5
Plutonium 19,84 96,53     0,18 8 54 913     141,4
Potassium 0,86       0,39 99 83 336,5     7,01
Rhodium 12,41 289,6       150 8 2238     4,6
Selenium 4,8 57,92       0,5 37 490     12,0
Silicon 2,33 110,3       83,5 3 1684     100000
Silver 10,50 72,39 28. 100 0,37 427 19 1234 5,5-30 14-38 1,59
Sodium 0,97         134 70 370,98     4,2
Steel (Mild) 7,8 210 80   0,3 50 12 1630-1750 20-40 30-50 10
Tantalum 16,6 186,2     0,35 57,5 6,5 3253   34-93 12,4
Thorium 11,7 58,61   v 0,27 41 12 2023     18
Tin 7,31 41,37 17. 52 0,33 67 20 505 0,9-1,4 1,5-20 11,0
Titanium 4,54 110,3 41. 110 0,3 22 8,5 1943 2-50 25-70 43
Tungsten 19,3 344,7 140   0,28 178 4,5 3673   100-400 5,65
Uranium 18,8 165,5     0,21 25 13,4 1405     30
Vanadium 6,1 131.       60 8 2173     25
Zinc 7,0 82,74 36. 100 0,35 121 35 692,7   11-20 5,92


Links Providing similar information
  1. EngineeringToolbax ...Excellent source of Material Properties
  2. Chapter 6 Mechanical Properties of Metals s....U Virigia document
  3. Watlow- Refdata....Download link to Properties of Metals-Imperial
  4. Chemocool....A periodic table with associated reference links
  5. Metals About ....Lots of useful links on metal properties
  6. Allmeasures.... Properties of Materials with associated formulae
  7. Start WebElements .... An excellent source of information on all metals and materials

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Last Updated 17/11/2010