Roymech

Corrosion Resistance Glass and Carbon


Corrosion properties of Glass and Carbon Graphite.

The table below indicates the approximate corrosion resistance of glass and carbon to a range of common chemicals.    This is collated information from various sources but is of limited quality. For good quality information please consult reputable reference texts and/or the links provided below the table.

The absence of a corrosion category for a fluid indicates that I have not found any information, not that the fluid is nor resistant . Taking glass as and example .    Glass is resistant to virtually all chemicals - I have not identified appropriate corrosions categories simple because I have not been able to obtain confirmatory references.

Important note ...Glass is not resistant to hydrofluric acid and must not be brought into contact with this fluid .


Key to Letters designating corrosion resistance
  • A...Excellent Minimum attack
  • B...Acceptable minor corrosion
  • C...Medium corrosion attack - Should not use
  • D...Severe attack -
  • "-" No information

Important note: The table relates to fluids at ambient temperatures (approx 21 oC )unless stated otherwise

Fluid Glass Carbon Graphite
Acetaldehyde - A
�Acetamide - A
�Acetate Solvent - A
�Acetic Acid A A
�Acetic Acid 20% A A
�Acetic Acid 80% A A
�Acetic Acid, Glacial A A
�Acetic Anhydride - A
�Acetone - A
�Acetyl Bromide - -
�Acetyl Chloride (dry) - -
�Acetylene - A
�Acrylonitrile - B
�Adipic Acid - A
�Alcohols:Amyl - A
�Alcohols:Benzyl - -
�Alcohols:Butyl - A
�Alcohols:Diacetone - A
�Alcohols:Ethyl - A
�Alcohols:Hexyl - -
�Alcohols:Isobutyl - A
�Alcohols:Isopropyl - A
�Alcohols:Methyl - A
�Alcohols:Octyl - -
Fluid Glass Carbon Graphite
�Alcohols:Propyl - A
�Aluminum Chloride - A
�Aluminum Chloride 20% - A
�Aluminum Fluoride - A
�Aluminum Hydroxide - A
�Aluminum Nitrate - A
�Aluminum Potassium Sulfate 10% - A
�Aluminum Potassium Sulfate 100% - A
�Aluminum Sulfate - A
�Alums - -
�Amines - A
�Ammonia 10% - A
�Ammonia Nitrate - -
�Ammonia, anhydrous - A
�Ammonia, liquid - A
�Ammonium Acetate - -
�Ammonium Bifluoride - A
�Ammonium Carbonate - A
�Ammonium Caseinate - -
�Ammonium Chloride - A
�Ammonium Hydroxide - A
�Ammonium Nitrate - A
�Ammonium Oxalate - -
Fluid Glass Carbon Graphite
�Ammonium Persulfate - A
�Ammonium Phosphate, Dibasic - A
�Ammonium Phosphate, Monobasic - -
�Ammonium Phosphate, Tribasic - -
�Ammonium Sulfate - A
�Ammonium Sulfite - D
�Ammonium Thiosulfate - -
�Amyl Acetate - A
�Amyl Alcohol - A
�Amyl Chloride - A
�Aniline - A
�Aniline Hydrochloride - D
�Antifreeze A -
�Antimony Trichloride - -
�Aqua Regia (80% HCl, 20% HNO3) - D
�Arochlor 1248 - -
�Aromatic Hydrocarbons - -
�Arsenic Acid - A
�Arsenic Salts - -
�Asphalt A A
�Barium Carbonate - A
�Barium Chloride - A
�Barium Cyanide - -
Fluid Glass Carbon Graphite
�Barium Hydroxide - A
�Barium Nitrate - A
�Barium Sulfate - A
�Barium Sulfide - A
�Beer A A
�Beet Sugar Liquids A A
�Benzaldehyde - A
�Benzene A A
�Benzene Sulfonic Acid - A
�Benzoic Acid - A
�Benzol - A
�Benzonitrile - A
�Benzyl Chloride - A
�Bleaching Liquors - -
�Borax (Sodium Borate) - A
�Boric Acid A A
�Brewery Slop A -
�Bromine - D
�Butadiene - A
�Butane - A
�Butanol (Butyl Alcohol) - A
�Butter A -
�Buttermilk A A
Fluid Glass Carbon Graphite
�Butyl Amine - A
�Butyl Ether - A
�Butyl Phthalate - A
�Butyl Acetate - A
�Butylene - A
�Butyric Acid - A
�Calcium Bisulfate - -
�Calcium Bisulfide - -
�Calcium Bisulfite - A
�Calcium Carbonate - A
�Calcium Chlorate - -
�Calcium Chloride A A
�Calcium Hydroxide - A
�Calcium Hypochlorite A A
�Calcium Nitrate - A
�Calcium Oxide - -
�Calcium Sulfate - A
�Calgon - -
�Cane Juice - -
�Carbolic Acid (Phenol) - A
�Carbon Bisulfide - -
�Carbon Dioxide (dry) - A
�Carbon Dioxide (wet) - A
Fluid Glass Carbon Graphite
�Carbon Disulfide - A
�Carbon Monoxide - A
�Carbon Tetrachloride - A
�Carbon Tetrachloride (dry) - A
�Carbon Tetrachloride (wet) - A
�Carbonated Water A -
�Carbonic Acid - A
�Catsup - -
�Chloric Acid - D
�Chlorinated Glue - -
�Chlorine (dry) - A
�Chlorine Water - A
�Chlorine, Anhydrous Liquid - A
�Chloroacetic Acid - A
�Chlorobenzene (Mono) - A
�Chlorobromomethane - -
�Chloroform - A
�Chlorosulfonic Acid - A
�Chocolate Syrup A -
�Chromic Acid 10% A A
�Chromic Acid 30% A A
�Chromic Acid 5% A A
�Chromic Acid 50% - A
Fluid Glass Carbon Graphite
�Chromium Salts - -
�Cider A -
�Citric Acid A A
�Citric Oils A -
�Cloroxr (Bleach) - -
�Coffee A -
�Copper Chloride - -
�Copper Cyanide - A
�Copper Fluoborate - -
�Copper Nitrate - A
�Copper Sulfate >5% - A
�Copper Sulfate 5% - A
�Cream A -
�Cresols - A
�Cresylic Acid - A
�Cupric Acid - A
�Cyanic Acid - A
�Cyclohexane - A
�Cyclohexanone - A
�Detergents A A
�Diacetone Alcohol - A
�Dichlorobenzene - A
�Dichloroethane - A
�Diesel Fuel A A
Fluid Glass Carbon Graphite
�Diethyl Ether - A
�Diethylamine - A
�Diethylene Glycol - A
�Dimethyl Aniline - A
�Dimethyl Formamide - -
�Diphenyl - -
�Diphenyl Oxide - -
�Dyes A -
�Epsom Salts (Magnesium Sulfate) A A
�Ethane - A
�Ethanol - A
�Ethanolamine - A
�Ether - A
�Ethyl Acetate - A
�Ethyl Benzoate - -
�Ethyl Chloride - A
�Ethyl Ether - A
�Ethyl Sulfate - A
�Ethylene Bromide - A
�Ethylene Chloride - A
�Ethylene Chlorohydrin - A
�Ethylene Diamine - -
�Ethylene Dichloride - A
Fluid Glass Carbon Graphite
�Ethylene Glycol - A
�Ethylene Oxide - A
�Fatty Acids - A
�Ferric Chloride - A
�Ferric Nitrate - A
�Ferric Sulfate - A
�Ferrous Chloride - A
�Ferrous Sulfate - A
�Fluoboric Acid - A
�Fluorine - C
�Fluosilicic Acid - A
�Formaldehyde 100% - -
�Formaldehyde 40% - A
�Formic Acid A A
�Freon 113 - -
�Freon 12 - -
�Freon 22 - -
�Freon TF - -
�Freonr 11 - -
�Fruit Juice A -
�Fuel Oils A A
�Furan Resin A -
�Furfural - A
Fluid Glass Carbon Graphite
�Gallic Acid - B
�Gasoline (high-aromatic) A A
�Gasoline, leaded, ref. A A
�Gasoline, unleaded A A
�Gelatin A A
�Glucose A A
�Glue, P.V.A. A A
�Glycerin A A
�Glycolic Acid - A
�Gold Monocyanide - -
�Grape Juice A -
�Grease A -
�Heptane A A
�Hexane A A
�Honey A -
�Hydraulic Oil (Petro) A B
�Hydraulic Oil (Synthetic) A B
�Hydrazine A -
�Hydrobromic Acid 100% - A
�Hydrobromic Acid 20% - A
�Hydrochloric Acid 100% - A
�Hydrochloric Acid 20% A A
�Hydrochloric Acid 37% A A
Fluid Glass Carbon Graphite
�Hydrochloric Acid, Dry Gas   A
�Hydrocyanic Acid - A
�Hydrocyanic Acid (Gas 10%) - -
�Hydrofluoric Acid 100% D -
�Hydrofluoric Acid 20% D A
�Hydrofluoric Acid 50% D A
�Hydrofluoric Acid 75% D A
�Hydrofluosilicic Acid 100% - A
�Hydrofluosilicic Acid 20% - A
�Hydrogen Gas - A
�Hydrogen Peroxide 10% A C
�Hydrogen Peroxide 100% - C
�Hydrogen Peroxide 30% - C
�Hydrogen Peroxide 50% - C
�Hydrogen Sulfide (aqua) - A
�Hydrogen Sulfide (dry) - A
�Hydroquinone - A
�Hydroxyacetic Acid 70% - -
�Ink A -
�Iodine A D
�Iodine (in alcohol) A -
�Iodoform A -
�Isooctane - A
Fluid Glass Carbon Graphite
�Isopropyl Acetate - A
�Isopropyl Ether - A
�Isotane - -
�Jet Fuel (JP3, JP4, JP5) A A
�Kerosene A A
�Ketones - A
�Lacquer Thinners A A
�Lacquers A A
�Lactic Acid A A
�Lard A A
�Latex A -
�Lead Acetate - A
�Lead Nitrate - A
�Lead Sulfamate - -
�Ligroin - -
�Lime A A
�Linoleic Acid - A
�Lithium Chloride - A
�Lithium Hydroxide - B
�Lubricants - A
�Lye: Ca(OH)2 Calcium Hydroxide A A
�Lye: KOH Potassium Hydroxide A C
�Lye: NaOH Sodium Hydroxide - -
�Magnesium Bisulfate - A
Fluid Glass Carbon Graphite
�Magnesium Carbonate - -
�Magnesium Chloride A A
�Magnesium Hydroxide - A
�Magnesium Nitrate - -
�Magnesium Oxide - -
�Magnesium Sulfate (Epsom Salts) - A
�Maleic Acid - A
�Maleic Anhydride - -
�Malic Acid - B
�Manganese Sulfate - A
�Mash A -
�Mayonnaise A -
�Melamine A D
�Mercuric Chloride (dilute) - C
�Mercuric Cyanide - -
�Mercurous Nitrate - C
�Mercury - C
�Methane - B
�Methanol (Methyl Alcohol) - A
�Methyl Acetate - A
�Methyl Acetone - A
�Methyl Acrylate - -
�Methyl Alcohol 10% - A
Fluid Glass Carbon Graphite
�Methyl Bromide - A
�Methyl Butyl Ketone - -
�Methyl Cellosolve - A
�Methyl Chloride - A
�Methyl Dichloride - -
�Methyl Ethyl Ketone - A
�Methyl Ethyl Ketone Peroxide - -
�Methyl Isobutyl Ketone - A
�Methyl Isopropyl Ketone - A
�Methyl Methacrylate - -
�Methylamine - A
�Methylene Chloride - A
�Milk A A
�Mineral Spirits A A
�Molasses A A
�Monochloroacetic acid - B
�Monoethanolamine - A
�Morpholine - A
�Motor oil A A
�Mustard A A
�Naphtha A A
�Naphthalene A A
�Natural Gas A -
Fluid Glass Carbon Graphite
�Nickel Chloride A A
�Nickel Nitrate - -
�Nickel Sulfate - A
�Nitrating Acid (<15% HNO3) - -
�Nitrating Acid (>15% H2SO4) - -
�Nitrating Acid (S1% Acid) - -
�Nitrating Acid (S15% H2SO4) - -
�Nitric Acid (20%) A A
�Nitric Acid (50%) A D
�Nitric Acid (5-10%) A A
�Nitric Acid (Concentrated) A D
�Nitrobenzene - B
�Nitrogen Fertilizer A -
�Nitromethane - A
�Nitrous Acid - -
�Nitrous Oxide - C
�Oils:Aniline A -
�Oils:Anise A -
�Oils:Bay A -
�Oils:Bone A -
�Oils:Castor A -
�Oils:Cinnamon A -
�Oils:Citric A -
Fluid Glass Carbon Graphite
�Oils:Clove A -
�Oils:Coconut A -
�Oils:Cod Liver A -
�Oils:Corn A -
�Oils:Cottonseed A A
�Oils:Creosote A A
�Oils:Diesel Fuel (20, 30, 40, 50) A A
�Oils:Fuel (1, 2, 3, 5A, 5B, 6) A A
�Oils:Ginger A -
�Oils:Hydraulic Oil (Petro) A B
�Oils:Hydraulic Oil (Synthetic) A B
�Oils:Lemon A -
�Oils:Linseed A A
�Oils:Mineral A A
�Oils:Olive A A
�Oils:Orange A -
�Oils:Palm A -
�Oils:Peanut A -
�Oils:Peppermint A -
�Oils:Pine A -
�Oils:Rapeseed A -
�Oils:Rosin A A
�Oils:Sesame Seed A -
Fluid Glass Carbon Graphite
�Oils:Silicone A A
�Oils:Soybean A A
�Oils:Sperm (whale) A -
�Oils:Tanning A -
�Oils:Transformer A A
�Oils:Turbine A -
�Oleic Acid - A
�Oleum 100% - D
�Oleum 25% - D
�Oxalic Acid (cold) B A
�Ozone - -
�Palmitic Acid - A
�Paraffin A A
�Pentane A A
�Perchloric Acid - A
�Perchloroethylene - A
�Petrolatum - A
�Petroleum A A
�Phenol (10%) - A
�Phenol (Carbolic Acid) - A
�Phosphoric Acid (>40%) - B
�Phosphoric Acid (crude) A A
�Phosphoric Acid (molten) A -
Fluid Glass Carbon Graphite
�Phosphoric Acid (<40%) A A
�Phosphoric Acid Anhydride - -
�Phosphorus - D
�Phosphorus Trichloride - A
�Photographic Developer - A
�Photographic Solutions - A
�Phthalic Acid - A
�Phthalic Anhydride - A
�Picric Acid - A
�Plating Solutions, ��Antimony Plating 54�C - -
�Plating Solutions, ��Arsenic Plating 43�C - -
�Plating Solutions, ��Brass Plating: ����High-Speed Brass Bath 43�c - A
�Plating Solutions, ��Brass Plating: ����Regular Brass Bath 38�c - A
�Plating Solutions, ��Bronze Plating: ����Cu-Cd Bronze Bath R.T. - -
�Plating Solutions, ��Bronze Plating: ����Cu-Sn Bronze Bath 71�C - -
�Plating Solutions, ��Bronze Plating: ����Cu-Zn Bronze Bath 38�C - -
�Plating Solutions, ��Cadmium Plating: ����Cyanide Bath 32�C - -
�Plating Solutions, ��Cadmium Plating: ����Fluoborate Bath 38�C - -
�Plating Solutions, ��Chromium Plating: ����Barrel Chrome Bath 35�C - -
�Plating Solutions, ��Chromium Plating: ����Black Chrome Bath 46�C - -
�Plating Solutions, ��Chromium Plating: ����Chromic-Sulfuric Bath 54�C - -
�Plating Solutions, ��Chromium Plating: ����Fluoride Bath 54�C - -
�Plating Solutions, ��Chromium Plating: ����Fluosilicate Bath 35�C - -
Fluid Glass Carbon Graphite
�Plating Solutions, ��Copper Plating (Acid): ����Copper Fluoborate Bath 50�C - -
�Plating Solutions, ��Copper Plating (Acid): ����Copper Sulfate Bath R.T. - -
�Plating Solutions, ��Copper Plating (Cyanide): ����Copper Strike Bath 50�C - -
�Plating Solutions, ��Copper Plating (Cyanide): ����High-Speed Bath 180�F - -
�Plating Solutions, ��Copper Plating (Cyanide): ����Rochelle Salt Bath 150�F - -
�Plating Solutions, ��Copper Plating (Misc): ����Copper (Electroless) - -
�Plating Solutions, ��Copper Plating (Misc): ����Copper Pyrophosphate - -
�Plating Solutions, ��Gold Plating: ����Acid 24�C - -
�Plating Solutions, ��Gold Plating: ����Cyanide 50�C - -
�Plating Solutions, ��Gold Plating: ����Neutral 24�C - -
�Plating Solutions, ��Indium Sulfamate Plating R.T. - -
�Plating Solutions, ��Iron Plating: ����Ferrous Am Sulfate Bath 65�C - -
�Plating Solutions, ��Iron Plating: ����Ferrous Chloride Bath 90�C - -
�Plating Solutions, ��Iron Plating: ����Ferrous Sulfate Bath 66�C - -
�Plating Solutions, ��Iron Plating: ����Fluoborate Bath 65�C - -
�Plating Solutions, ��Iron Plating: ����Sulfamate 60�C - -
�Plating Solutions, ��Iron Plating: ����Sulfate-Chloride Bath 70�C - -
�Plating Solutions, ��Lead Fluoborate Plating - -
�Plating Solutions, ��Nickel Plating: ����Electroless 95�C - -
�Plating Solutions, ��Nickel Plating: ����Fluoborate 40-75�C - -
�Plating Solutions, ��Nickel Plating: ����High-Chloride 55-70�C - -
�Plating Solutions, ��Nickel Plating: ����Sulfamate 40-60�C - -
�Plating Solutions, ��Nickel Plating: ����Watts Type 45-70�C - -
Fluid Glass Carbon Graphite
�Plating Solutions, ��Rhodium Plating 50�C - -
�Plating Solutions, ��Silver Plating 30-50�C - -
�Plating Solutions, ��Tin-Fluoborate Plating 40�C - -
�Plating Solutions, ��Tin-Lead Plating 40�C - -
�Plating Solutions, ��Zinc Plating: ����Acid Chloride 60�C - -
�Plating Solutions, ��Zinc Plating: ����Acid Fluoborate Bath R.T. - -
�Plating Solutions, ��Zinc Plating: ����Acid Sulfate Bath 65�C - -
�Plating Solutions, ��Zinc Plating: ����Alkaline Cyanide Bath R.T. - -
�Potash (Potassium Carbonate) - A
�Potassium Bicarbonate - A
�Potassium Bromide - A
�Potassium Chlorate - A
�Potassium Chloride - A
�Potassium Chromate - A
�Potassium Cyanide Solutions - A
�Potassium Dichromate - A
�Potassium Ferricyanide - A
�Potassium Ferrocyanide - A
�Potassium Hydroxide (Caustic Potash) - C
�Potassium Hypochlorite - -
�Potassium Iodide - A
�Potassium Nitrate - A
�Potassium Oxalate - A
Fluid Glass Carbon Graphite
�Potassium Permanganate - B
�Potassium Sulfate A A
�Potassium Sulfide - A
�Propane (liquefied) A A
�Propylene - A
�Propylene Glycol - -
�Pyridine - A
�Pyrogallic Acid - A
�Resorcinal - A
�Rosins - A
�Rum A -
�Rust Inhibitors A -
�Salad Dressings A -
�Salicylic Acid - A
�Salt Brine (NaCl saturated) A A
�Sea Water A A
�Shellac (Bleached) A A
�Shellac (Orange) A A
�Silicone A A
�Silver Bromide A -
�Silver Nitrate A A
�Soap Solutions A A
�Soda Ash (see Sodium Carbonate) A -
Fluid Glass Carbon Graphite
�Sodium Acetate A A
�Sodium Aluminate - A
�Sodium Benzoate - A
�Sodium Bicarbonate - A
�Sodium Bisulfate - A
�Sodium Bisulfite - A
�Sodium Borate (Borax) A A
�Sodium Bromide - A
�Sodium Carbonate B A
�Sodium Chlorate - C
�Sodium Chloride A A
�Sodium Chromate - A
�Sodium Cyanide - A
�Sodium Ferrocyanide - A
�Sodium Fluoride - A
�Sodium Hydrosulfite - -
�Sodium Hydroxide (20%) A A
�Sodium Hydroxide (50%) A -
�Sodium Hydroxide (80%) - A
�Sodium Hypochlorite (<20%) - B
�Sodium Hypochlorite (100%) - C
�Sodium Hyposulfate - -
�Sodium Metaphosphate - A
Fluid Glass Carbon Graphite
�Sodium Metasilicate - -
�Sodium Nitrate A C
�Sodium Perborate - C
�Sodium Peroxide - A
�Sodium Polyphosphate - A
�Sodium Silicate - A
�Sodium Sulfate - A
�Sodium Sulfide - A
�Sodium Sulfite - A
�Sodium Tetraborate - A
�Sodium Thiosulfate (hypo) - A
�Sorghum - -
�Soy Sauce A -
�Stannic Chloride - A
�Stannic Fluoborate - -
�Stannous Chloride - -
�Starch A A
�Stearic Acid - A
�Stoddard Solvent - A
�Styrene - A
�Sugar (Liquids) A A
�Sulfate (Liquors) - A
�Sulfur Chloride - D
Fluid Glass Carbon Graphite
�Sulfur Dioxide - A
�Sulfur Dioxide (dry) - A
�Sulfur Hexafluoride - -
�Sulfur Trioxide - B
�Sulfur Trioxide (dry) - D
�Sulfuric Acid (<10%) A A
�Sulfuric Acid (10-75%) A A
�Sulfuric Acid (75-100%) - C
�Sulfuric Acid (cold concentrated) - D
�Sulfuric Acid (hot concentrated) A D
�Sulfurous Acid - A
�Sulfuryl Chloride - -
�Tallow A A
�Tannic Acid - A
�Tanning Liquors A A
�Tartaric Acid - A
�Tetrachloroethane - A
�Tetrachloroethylene - A
�Tetrahydrofuran - A
�Tin Salts - -
�Toluene (Toluol) - A
�Tomato Juice A A
�Trichloroacetic Acid - A
Fluid Glass Carbon Graphite
�Trichloroethane - A
�Trichloroethylene - A
�Trichloropropane - -
�Tricresylphosphate - A
�Triethylamine - A
�Trisodium Phosphate - A
�Turpentine A A
�Urea A A
�Uric Acid A A
�Urine A A
�Varnish A A
�Vegetable Juice A -
�Vinegar A A
�Vinyl Acetate - A
�Vinyl Chloride - A
�Water, Acid, Mine A A
�Water, Deionized A A
�Water, Distilled A A
�Water, Fresh A A
�Water, Salt A A
�Weed Killers A -
�Whey A -
�Whiskey & Wines A A
�White Liquor (Pulp Mill) A A
�White Water (Paper Mill) A -
�Xylene - A
�Zinc Chloride - A
�Zinc Hydrosulfite - -
�Zinc Sulfate - A
Fluid Glass Carbon Graphite


Links to Corrosion Resistance Tables
  1. Corrosion Doctors...An excellent reference site for the very important topic of corrosion
  2. Omega...Chemical Chart-Some Plastics
  3. dultmeier...Relatively extensive Chemical Chart
  4. Chemical Compatibility...Cole Porter ..American site with very clear information on chemical compatibility