The fatigue action types refers to the types of stress loading that results in fatigue failures
in engineering materials.
In determining fatigue stress levels using standard test equipment the test specimens are subject to alternative/reversed stress levels... The cyclic stress varies from σ _{a} tensile to σ _{a} compressive. The mean stress = 0.
The fatigue strength values for metals are based on this loading condition with the
published fatigue strength values S'n, representing the material fatigue strength
property, being the σ _{amp} value at failure.
In the repeated stress loading condition the stress varies between zero and a maximum tensile (or compressive) stress in a cyclic manner...
Combined steady and cyclic stress
A stress condition normally experienced in practice is a cyclic stress imposed on a steady load stress..

For Alternating Stress... R = 1
For Repeated Stress +ve... R = 0 / σ _{max}
For Repeated Stress ve... R = σ _{min} / 0
The mean stress can have a significant effect on the failure due to fatigue and must
be considered in combination with the alternating stress..(Under normal fatigue loading conditions the mean stress is small compared to the
alternating stress.)
A number of interaction criteria are used to quantify the combined stress and the relevant
design factors of safety..These are plotted together below
The Mean Stress σ _{mean} is plotted on the horizontal axis
and the alternating stress σ_{amp}is
plotted on the vertical axis.
If the point of the combined stress is below the Soderberg line then the component will
not fail . This is a very conservative criteria based on the material yield point S_{yt}
To establish the factor of safety relative to the Soderberg Criteria
If the point of the combined stress is below the relevant Goodman line then the component will
not fail . This is a less conservative criteria based on the material Ultimate strength
ield point S_{ut}
To establish the factor of safety relative to the Goodman Criteria
If the point of the combined stress is below the Gerber line then the component will
not fail . This is a less conservative criteria based on the material Ultimate strength
S_{ut}
To establish the factor of safety relative to the Gerber Criteria