# Anthropometrics Notes

### Anthropometric Notes

This page provides notes relating to human sizes and links to sites providing data on human measurements and interfaces.

Safety  Note

The following data is for guidance and is not for detailed design.
In designing any equipment requiring manual handling one is advised to refer the the relevant regulations.

Human related dimension ..A page on this website with some useful human related dimensions
Anthropometric Data

Introduction

This data provides information on the sizes of British ?? people between the ages of 18 to 65.    It can only be used to give rough ideas of people sizes for the following reasons

 The statistical sizes vary with age the average height for an elderly person would be up to 80mmm lower than that for a younger person People sizes vary significantly for different nationalities, i.e Americans are generally larger than British who are larger than people from India. Over time the average sizes of people change. If you are designing a doorway for the average person today it may be too small for the average person in 80 years time . Over time the ethnic make up of a population can change e.g. in the UK at this time there is a rapid growth in the population as people imigrate into the UK from overseas, Also the average population is aging.     This could possibly result is a reduction in the average peoply sizes- contradicting 3) above Importantly - the relevant target group may be significantly different to the general population.     Designing equipment for a basket ball team would require totally different set of data to that for the general population

The table relates to British person age 19 to 65 .
The 5% percentile indicates that 5% of people are smaller than the sizes given. The 95% percentile indicates that 95% of people are smaller than the sizes given. Therefore the size range show the mid 90% range of people sizes in the UK.    The average values is simply the mean of these to values

The data relates to people wearing the minimum of clothing and wearing no footwear.    In height allowances it is prudent to allow about 25mm for male shoes and about 45mm for female shoes.

 Dimension s Man (Percentiles) Women (Percentiles) 5% 50% 95% 5% 50% 95% 1- Height 1630 1745 1860 1510 1620 1730 2-Eye 1520 1640 1760 1410 1515 1620 3-Shoulder Height 1340 1445 1550 1240 1330 1420 4-Elbow Height 1020 1100 1180 950 1020 1090 5-Hip Height 850 935 1020 750 820 890 6-Knuckle Height (Fist grip height) 700 765 830 670 720 770 7-Fingertip Height 600 675 730 560 620 680 8-Sitting Height 860 915 970 800 855 910 9-Sitting Eye Height 740 800 860 700 750 800 10-Sitting Shoulder 570 615 660 530 580 630 11-Sitting Elbow Height 210 250 290 190 235 280 12-Thigh Thickness 130 155 180 120 150 180 13-Buttock-Knee Length 560 605 670 520 585 650 14-Buttock-popliteal length 450 510 570 440 500 560 15-Knee Height 490 535 580 460 595 530 16-Popliteal Height (Lower leg Length) 410 450 490 370 410 450 17-Shoulder Breadth (Bideltoid) 440 485 530 390 440 490 18-Shoulder Breadth (Biacromial) 370 405 440 340 365 390 19-Hip Breadth 350 390 430 350 405 460 20-Chest Depth 210 245 280 210 250 290 21-Abdominal Depth 220 275 330 200 270 340 22-Shoulder-Elbow Length 330 365 400 300 330 360 23-Elbow Fingertip Length 440 475 510 400 430 460 24-Upper Limb Length 730 790 850 650 715 780 25-Shoulder Grip Length 680 745 810 620 685 750 26-Head Length 190 200 210 170 185 200 27-Head Breadth 140 155 170 140 150 160 28-Hand Length 170 190 210 160 175 190 29-Hand Breadth 80 90 100 70 80 90 30-Foot Length 240 265 290 220 240 260 31-Foot Breadth 90 100 110 80 90 100 32-Span 1670 810 1950 1520 1650 1780 33-Elbow Span 870 845 1020 780 855 930 34-Vertical Reach 1950 2100 2250 1810 1940 2070 35-Vertical Reach (sit) 1220 1305 1390 1100 1190 1280 36-Forward Grip Reach (Standing) 720 790 860 660 725 790

Hand capacities....( Average male )

Pictures showing grasping pictures

Maximum height of reach-

Note: As a very general rule the maximum height of reach = 1,24 x Body Length..

 Sex Stature Percentile To Fingertip(mm) Grasping Height (mm) Male Tall 95 2310 2190 Male Average 50 2180 2060 Male Short 5 2040 1920 Female Tall 95 2120 2020 Female Average 50 2000 1900 Female Short 5 1890 1790