Roymech engineering encyclopedia

316 Stainless Steel Material Properties

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316 Stainless Steel


Type 316 is an austenitic stainless steel with added molybdenum which gives the alloy improved corrosion resistance. Weldability of 316 alloys is excellent, and machinability is good. Corrosion resistance is good - excellent pitting resistance and good resistance to most chemicals involved in such industries as paper, photographic and textiles, particularly in chloride environments.
In an offshore environment 304 will tarnish and show rust especially at welds while 316 wont. 304 is preferred in cryogenic (LiN, LPG, etc) over 316 and both preferred over any carbon steel which will become brittle. 304 and 316 can both be a quick fix where offshore carbon steels would other require charpy impact testing. 304 needs consideration of consumables, pass temperature and pickling and passivation when being welded for clean but corrosive service.
Commercial applications for this engineering material include:
- Heat exchangers
- Pressure vessels
- Chemical containers
- Food preparation equipment
- Furnace partsValves & pumps

Related Specifications and Trade Names

EURONORM: 1.4404, ASTM/ASME: UNS S31600, BS 316S11, Grade 316L, Alloy 316L, Type 316L


Carbon (C) 0.0 - 0.080 %
Chromium (Cr) 16 - 18 %
Iron (Fe) 61.8 - 72 % As Remainder
Manganese (Mn) 0.0 - 2.0 %
Molybdenum (Mo) 2.0 - 3.0 %
Nickel (Ni) 10 - 14 %
Phosphorus (P) 0.0 - 0.045 %
Silicon (Si) 0.0 -1.0 %
Sulfur (S) 0.0 - 0.030 %

Electrical Properties

Metric Imperial
Dielectric Strength∞V/m∞V/ft
Electric Resistivity (@ 20 °C)74 µΩcm29.08 µΩin
Magnetic Permeability1.0081.008

Mechanical Properties

Metric Imperial
Ductility60 %60 %
Friction Coefficient (static)0.6-0.150.60-0.15
Hardness, Rockwell B8080
Poissons Ratio0.30.3
Mass Density8000 Kg/m3499.42 lb/ft3
Shear Modulus74  Mpa10732.79 PSI
Tensile Strength480  MPa69618.10 PSI
Yield Strength206  MPa29877.77 PSI
Youngs Modulus190  GPa27557.16 KSI

Thermal Properties

Metric Imperial
Coefficient of Thermal Expansion (Linear @ 0-100°C)17.2 x 10-6 °C-19.56 x 10-6 °F-1
Melting Point1400-1420 °C2552.00-2588.00 °F
Service Temperature in Air Intermittent870 °C1598.00 °F
Service Temperature in Air Continous925 °C1697.00 °F
Specific Heat Capacity0.5 J/g-°C220.93 BTU/lb-°F
Thermal Conductivity16.2 W/mK9.36 BTU/hr ft°F